[coins] [Lucania map]
[city list Lucania] [info]
433/2 BC Founded jointly by Taras and Thourioi.
The Tarantines were predominantly in power and defended the city
from the attacks of the Messapians.
Diobols ca. 1.30 g (average 1.23 g),
380-345 BC During the time when Archytas was ruling in Tarentum, Herakleia
became the seat of the general assembly of the Italiot Greeks.
Period of the city's greatest prosperity.
331 BC Alexander of Epirus (against the Tarentines) took possession of Herakleia,
and ordered the general assemblies at Thurium.
330 BC Bronze coins now struck at Herakleia (and Tarentum. 430 Naples, Croton,
and Pandosia. 400 Poseidonia, Laus, Thurium, Consentia, Rhegium, and
Terina. 350 Metapontum, Velia and Nuceria. 300 Locri).
290 BC Romans founded their colony at Venusia, 70 miles north of Herakleia.
Thurians and Lucanians forced into alliance with Rome.
281 BC Pyrrhus came to Italy. Reduction of the didrachm from 123-120 grains to about
Consul Laevinius defeated by Pyrrhus near Herakleia.
Up to that time Herakleia had been in alliance with the Tarantines and Lucanians
against the Romans.
278 BC Herakleia entered into a most favourable alliance with Rome.
For many years some degree of prosperity was preserved. Other Greek cities suffered
273 BC Pyrrhus leaves Italy.
272 BC Surrendered (with Tarentum) to the Romans.
268 BC The mint at Herakleia stopped. The new Roman denarii (269 BC) took the place of the