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Modern "Santa Maria Capua Vetere" occupies the ancient Capua. Vetere is an Italian adaptation of the latin word vetus -eris, which means old.
Oscan settlement transferred by the Etruscans into a city.
423 BC seized (and taken) by the Samnites.
343 BC placed itself under the protection of Rome.
216 BC opened the gates to Hannibal. It is said that that softened by the luxury of the city,
Hannibal's soldiers never achieved another success (some authoroties dispute this).
211 BC retaken by the Romans.