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12C BC Egesta (mixed Trojan and Greek descent is claimed)
8-7C BC Segesta is the most important center of the Elimi, together with Eryx
and Entella. According to Diodorus, the Elimi came to Sicily a few years
before the Sikels.
580 BC The Greek Pentatlos tries to found a Greek colony near cape Lilibeo with
a group Cnidians and Rhodians. These colonists found a home in Segesta.
580-... BC (6C BC) Quarrel with Selinunte. Segesta Allied with Carthago.
480 BC Destruction of Himera. Segesta is allied with Athens, and the city is
aided against its enemies in 453 BC and 426 BC.
453 BC Aided by Athens against Segesta's enemies.
426 BC Aided by Athens against Segesta's enemies.
426-415 BC Pro-Athene
416 BC Quarrel with Selinous about borders. Segesta asks Athenians for help.
In this period they start probably building the temple.
415 BC Athenians defeated by Syracuse. Segesta asks help from Carthago and with
Hannibal they sack Selinous. Segesta part of the Carthaginian empire.
The independent coinage of Segesta comes to an end.
(409-307 BC Segesta supported by Carthago against Selinus. Selinunte destructed.
Segesta subject-ally of Carthago)
397 BC Siege by Dionysios of Syracuse. The town is reconquered by a Punic army
under the rule of Himilco.
306 BC Agathocles of Syracuse coming back from Africa, attacks and destroys the
city, and changes its name to Dikaiopolis (the city of rectitude).
(307 BC Plundered by Agathocles of Syracuse.
Re-peopled by Agathocles.)
Under the protection of Carthago.
277-276 BC Joined Pyrrhus.
263 BC Carthago.
260 BC Murdered the Carthaginian garrison during the first Punic War (264-241).
262 BC Segesta surrenders to L. Postumius and Q Mamilus. It is proclaimed
"Civitas Privilegiata". First Roman ally